Robotics is an interdisciplinary field that merges science, engineering, and programming to produce machines, called robots, meant to perform human tasks. The first modern robots were created many decades ago, bu robots would not enter the market until the 1960s, in the form of industrial robots.
Originally, robots were built to slog through the most monotonous work, such as assembly line construction, in place of humans. Since then, each development in robotics technology has seen robots performing tasks of increasing complexity. Today, robots improve quality of life, cleaning homes and trimming lawns. They save lives by fighting fires and assisting in surgeries. They explore the most extreme environments, from the depths of the ocean to the surfaces of other planets. As an industry, robotics is quite young, but as technology continues to advance towards what was once only science-fiction, robots will become an increasingly common sight, stepping in to relieve humans of discomfort, monotony, and danger.
AI and robotics are connected but different fields. Many robots, such as industrial robots, do not employ any form of artificial intelligence. AI helps robots perform more complex tasks and enables them to learn, opening robotics to potentially limitless use cases. Three of the most significant applications of AI-powered robotics are assembly line tasks, customer service, and healthcare.