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Worldwide AI Laws and Regulations 2020

by rschmelzer

Document ID: CGR-REG20 | Last Updated: Feb. 20, 2020

Report Overview
Abstract:

The pace of adoption for artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive technologies continues unabated with widespread, worldwide, rapid adoption of AI and its various patterns. As a result, governments around the world are moving quickly to ensure that existing laws, regulations, and legal constructs remain relevant in the face of technology change and can deal with new, emerging challenges posed by AI.

In this report, Cognilytica explores the latest legal and regulatory actions taken by countries around the world across nine different areas: facial recognition and computer vision, autonomous vehicles, AI-relevant data privacy, conversational systems and chatbots, lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS), AI ethics and bias, AI-supported decision making, malicious use of AI, and other regulations and laws pertaining to the use, creation, or interaction with AI systems. Each country’s laws and regulations are explained and categorized, and then evaluated as to whether the laws are in discussion but not implemented, are implemented as permissive laws, or are implemented as prohibitive laws.

Key Findings:

  • Most governments are adopting a “wait and see” approach to laws and regulations on AI.
  • The European Union is the most active in proposing new rules and regulations, with existing or proposed rules in seven out of nine categories of areas where regulation might be applicable to AI.
  • Twenty four (24) countries and regions have put into place permissive laws for autonomous vehicle operation, and eight (8) more are currently in discussions to enable autonomous vehicles to operate.
  • Thirteen (13) countries have advanced some level of discussion with regard to restrictions on the use of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS). Only one country, Belgium, has already passed legislation to prevent the use or development of LAWS.
  • The United States maintains a “light” regulatory posture, which would explain the scant evidence of widespread AI laws and regulations at the federal level in the United States, whereas some states including Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Washington, and other states have maintained a more vigorous regulatory approach.

Report Details:

  • 97 Pages
  • One Table per country, 1 Chart
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Worldwide AI Laws and Regulations [CGR-REG20] 2.37 MB

The pace of adoption for artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive technologies...

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Table of Contents
  • Executive Summary 7
  • Key Findings 7
  • The Scope of AI-Relevant Laws and Regulations 8
    • Facial Recognition and Computer Vision-Relevant Laws and Regulations 8
    • Data Privacy Laws and Regulations 8
    • Autonomous Vehicle-Relevant Laws and Regulations 9
    • Laws and Regulations Pertaining to AI Ethics, Bias, and Fairness 9
    • Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) and AI-Enhanced Weapons Laws and Regulations 9
    • Chatbot and Conversational Systems Laws and Regulations 9
    • Laws and Regulations Regarding Use of AI for Predictions or Decision Support 10
    • Laws and Regulations Regarding Malicious AI and AI-Enabled Forgery and Fakery 10
    • Other General AI Regulations 10
  • Measuring Laws and Regulations 10
  • AI-Relevant Laws and Regulations on a Per-Country Basis 11
    • Afghanistan 11
    • Albania 11
    • Algeria 11
    • Andorra 12
    • Angola 12
    • Antigua and Barbuda 12
    • Argentina 13
    • Armenia 13
    • Australia 13
    • Austria 14
    • Azerbaijan 15
    • Bahamas 15
    • Bahrain 16
    • Bangladesh 16
    • Barbados 16
    • Belarus 17
    • Belgium 17
    • Belize 18
    • Benin 18
    • Bhutan 18
    • Bolivia 19
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina 19
    • Botswana 19
    • Brazil 20
    • Brunei 20
    • Bulgaria 21
    • Burkina Faso 21
    • Burundi 21
    • Cambodia 22
    • Cameroon 22
    • Canada 22
    • Cape Verde 23
    • Central African Republic 23
    • Chad 23
    • Chile 24
    • China 24
    • Colombia 25
    • Comoros 25
    • Democratic Republic of Congo 26
    • Republic of Congo 26
    • Costa Rica 26
    • Croatia 27
    • Cuba 27
    • Cyprus 27
    • Czech Republic 28
    • Denmark 28
    • Djibouti 29
    • Dominica 29
    • Dominican Republic 29
    • East Timor 30
    • Ecuador 30
    • Egypt 30
    • El Salvador 31
    • Equatorial Guinea 31
    • Eritrea 31
    • Estonia 32
    • Ethiopia 32
    • European Union 33
    • Fiji 34
    • Finland 34
    • France 35
    • Gabon 36
    • Gambia 36
    • Georgia 36
    • Germany 37
    • Ghana 38
    • Greece 38
    • Grenada 38
    • Guatemala 39
    • Guinea 39
    • Guinea-Bissau 39
    • Guyana 40
    • Haiti 40
    • Honduras 40
    • Hungary 41
    • Iceland 41
    • India 41
    • Indonesia 42
    • Iran 43
    • Iraq 43
    • Ireland 43
    • Israel 44
    • Italy 44
    • Ivory Coast 45
    • Jamaica 45
    • Japan 45
    • Jordan 46
    • Kazakhstan 46
    • Kenya 46
    • Kiribati 47
    • Kuwait 47
    • Kyrgyzstan 47
    • Laos 48
    • Latvia 48
    • Lebanon 48
    • Lesotho 49
    • Liberia 49
    • Libya 49
    • Liechtenstein 50
    • Lithuania 50
    • Luxembourg 50
    • Madagascar 51
    • Malawi 51
    • Malaysia 51
    • Maldives 52
    • Mali 52
    • Malta 52
    • Marshall Islands 53
    • Mauritania 53
    • Mauritius 53
    • Mexico 54
    • Federated States of Micronesia 54
    • Moldova 54
    • Monaco 55
    • Mongolia 55
    • Montenegro 55
    • Morocco 56
    • Mozambique 56
    • Myanmar 56
    • Namibia 57
    • Nauru 57
    • Nepal 57
    • Netherlands 58
    • New Zealand 58
    • Nicaragua 58
    • Niger 59
    • Nigeria 59
    • North Korea 59
    • North Macedonia 60
    • Norway 60
    • Oman 60
    • Pakistan 61
    • Palau 61
    • Palestine 61
    • Panama 62
    • Papua New Guinea 62
    • Paraguay 62
    • Peru 63
    • Philippines 63
    • Poland 63
    • Portugal 64
    • Qatar 64
    • Romania 65
    • Russia 65
    • Rwanda 65
    • Saint Kitts & Nevis 66
    • Saint Lucia 66
    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 66
    • Samoa 67
    • San Marino 67
    • São Tomé and Príncipe 67
    • Saudi Arabia 68
    • Senegal 68
    • Serbia 68
    • Seychelles 69
    • Sierra Leone 69
    • Singapore 69
    • Slovakia 70
    • Slovenia 70
    • Solomon Islands 71
    • Somalia 71
    • South Africa 71
    • South Korea 72
    • South Sudan 72
    • Spain 72
    • Sri Lanka 73
    • Sudan 73
    • Suriname 74
    • Swaziland 74
    • Sweden 74
    • Switzerland 75
    • Syria 75
    • Taiwan 76
    • Tajikistan 76
    • Tanzania 76
    • Thailand 77
    • Togo 77
    • Tonga 77
    • Trinidad and Tobago 78
    • Tunisia 78
    • Turkey 78
    • Turkmenistan 79
    • Tuvalu 79
    • Uganda 79
    • Ukraine 80
    • United Arab Emirates 80
    • United Kingdom 80
    • United States (Federal Regulation) 81
    • United States: Arizona 82
    • United States: California 82
    • United States: Florida 83
    • United States: Idaho 83
    • United States: Illinois 84
    • United States: Louisiana 84
    • United States: Massachusetts 85
    • United States: Michigan 85
    • United States: Nevada 86
    • United States: New Jersey 86
    • United States: New York 87
    • United States: Tennessee 87
    • United States: Washington 88
    • Uruguay 88
    • Uzbekistan 88
    • Vanuatu 89
    • Vatican City 89
    • Venezuela 89
    • Vietnam 90
    • Yemen 90
    • Zambia 90
    • Zimbabwe 91
  • Overall Analysis 92
    • Overall State of Laws and Regulations 92
    • Overall State of Facial Recognition and Computer Vision Regulation 92
    • Overall State of Data Privacy Regulation 93
    • Overall State of Autonomous Vehicle Regulation 93
    • Overall State of Autonomous Weapons Regulation 93
    • Overall State of Conversational Systems Regulation 93
    • Overall State of Ethical AI & Bias Regulation 94
    • Overall State of AI-Enabled Decisions Regulation 94
    • Overall State of Malicious AI Regulation 94
    • Overall State of General AI Regulation 94
  • About Cognilytica 95
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Worldwide AI Laws and Regulations [CGR-REG20] 2.37 MB

The pace of adoption for artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive technologies...
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